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SELECT A STATE from the National Totals dropdown menu to view statistics about impaired driving and underage drinking.

SELECT A LAW to view the details of each state’s impaired driving and underage drinking laws.

See how your state measures up to the rest of the country!

State Law: DUI Child Endangerment Laws
  • Enhanced penalties
  • Statute without enhanced penalties
  • No DUI child endangerment law

Child endangerment laws are designed to deter and punish individuals who endanger the welfare of children. In the context of impaired driving, these laws recognize the seriousness of an adult putting children, who are incapable of protecting themselves, in harm’s way by driving drunk. Current laws create a separate charge for driving under the influence with a child in the vehicle, enhance existing DUI penalties, or both. In some instances, the presence of child in the vehicle at the time of arrest will also be considered an aggravating factor during sentencing.

Currently, 47 states and DC have enacted child endangerment DUI laws. More specifically, 42 states and DC have enhanced penalties for DUI convictions with a child passenger.

To learn more about DUI child endangerment laws, refer to our policy position.

To submit a law update, please contact out Director of Traffic Safety at

2015 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatality DataNational
Total Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities10,265
Percent of Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities of Total Fatalities29.3
Under 21 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities1,021
Percent of Under 21 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities of Total Under 21 Fatalities23.0
2015 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities per 100,000 Population
Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities per 100K population3.2
Under 21 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities per 100K population1.2
2006-2015 % Change in Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities per 100K Pop
10-year Change in Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities per 100K pop-29.0
10-year Change in Under 21 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities per 100K pop-49.7
Percent of Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities Involving high BAC drivers (.15+)*
Percent of Drivers in Fatal Crashes Involving Repeat Offenders
BAC .08-.1427.0
BAC .15+73.0
2013 and 2014 12-20 Year Old Alcohol Consumption (latest available)
Past Month Alcohol Consumption22.8
Binge Drinking in Past 30-days14.0
2015 Arrest Data
Under 18: Driving under the influence5,064
Total: Driving under the influence833,833
Under 18: Liquor laws33,155
Total: Liquor laws204,665
Under 18: Drunkenness4,243
Total: Drunkenness314,856

Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatality Data Source: NHTSA/FARS, 10/16

*Among drivers with a known alcohol test result

*Youth Consumption Data Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 12/15, (

*Arrest Data Source: 2015 FBI Uniform Crime Report (Tables 38 and 69)

**Drunkenness is not considered a crime in some states; therefore, the figures may vary widely from state to state

*Limited, incomplete, or no data were reported by the District of Columbia, Florida, Illinois, and New York in the 2015 Uniform Crime Report. Data should be used with caution and should not be compared to other states or previous year data.

Note: Because the number of agencies submitting arrest data varies from year to year, users are cautioned about making direct comparisons between 2015 arrest totals and those published in previous years’ editions of Crime in the United States. Further, arrest figures may vary widely from state to state because some Part II crimes of the Uniform Crime Report are not considered crimes in some states.

For a comprehensive report on the 2016 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America, click here.

StateState Law
AlabamaEnhanced penalties
AlaskaStatute without enhanced penalties
ArizonaEnhanced penalties
ArkansasEnhanced penalties
CaliforniaEnhanced penalties
ColoradoEnhanced penalties
ConnecticutEnhanced penalties
DelawareEnhanced penalties
District of ColumbiaEnhanced penalties
FloridaEnhanced penalties
GeorgiaEnhanced penalties
HawaiiEnhanced penalties
IdahoEnhanced penalties
IllinoisEnhanced penalties
IndianaStatute without enhanced penalties
IowaEnhanced penalties
KansasEnhanced penalties
KentuckyEnhanced penalties
LouisianaEnhanced penalties
MaineEnhanced penalties
MarylandEnhanced penalties
MassachusettsEnhanced penalties
MichiganEnhanced penalties
MinnesotaEnhanced penalties
MississippiStatute without enhanced penalties
MissouriStatute without enhanced penalties
MontanaEnhanced penalties
NebraskaEnhanced penalties
NevadaEnhanced penalties
New HampshireEnhanced penalties
New JerseyEnhanced penalties
New MexicoNo DUI child endangerment law
New YorkEnhanced penalties
North CarolinaEnhanced penalties
North DakotaEnhanced penalties
OhioEnhanced penalties
OklahomaEnhanced penalties
OregonEnhanced penalties
PennsylvaniaStatute without enhanced penalties
Rhode IslandEnhanced penalties
South CarolinaEnhanced penalties
South DakotaNo DUI child endangerment law
TennesseeEnhanced penalties
TexasEnhanced penalties
UtahEnhanced penalties
VermontNo DUI child endangerment law
VirginiaEnhanced penalties
WashingtonEnhanced penalties
West VirginiaEnhanced penalties
WisconsinEnhanced penalties
WyomingEnhanced penalties