Program Type: Monitoring and Treatment
Program  Location: California
Lead Agency: Superior Court of California, County of San Joaquin
Partners: San Joaquin County Probation Department
Stockton Police Department, California Highway Patrol
El Concilio, community services provider (counseling, referrals, education) for the community at large.
DUI Program Providers
The Issue: Recidivism
Program Target Population: Underage Offenders
Hardcore Offenders

Program Description:

The San Joaquin Superior Court Comprehensive DUI Program was created in response to the high rate of alcohol-impaired driving fatalities, high rate of recidivism and high number of Hispanic DUI offenders. The program budget is $500,000 a year and includes a staff of four case managers and one support staff. The program contains monitoring and treatment tracks as well as general prevention efforts. All repeat DUI offenders are court-ordered to participate in the monitoring and treatment tracks of the program.

Monitoring Track Components:

  • Participants report to the same judge at one month, six months, and one year intervals to verify compliance with court orders. Behavior modification is realized through consistent reporting to the same judge and a system of rewards for program compliance and penalties for program violations.
  • Court orders include ignition interlock, education, jail time and fines.
  • After one year of full compliance, the participant graduates from the program.
  • If an offender struggles to succeed in the monitoring track, the court will impose sanctions (up to and including jail) and refer the offender to assessment and transfer into the treatment track.

Treatment Track Components

  • This track begins in a traditional DUI court where individuals are assessed and referred to treatment. The DUI Court officials closely monitor offenders on either a weekly or monthly basis depending on the offenders’ needs as they continue along the track.
  • Positive rewards and sanctions are used to achieve behavioral change.
  • After completing the track, the participant may graduate.
  • The offender may be transferred to the monitoring track, if appropriate and needed.

General Prevention Efforts:

The program also seeks to reduce DUI in the general community through educational programs presented in local schools. More than 30 different programs were presented in 2011. Additionally, monthly education programs are presented to local Hispanic community groups.

Program Effectiveness:

The program has monitored 1,000 individuals over a three year period. Since the program’s inception, alcohol-related traffic fatalities have been reduced by more than 50% in San Joaquin County. Participants’ rates of recidivism at one year have decreased by 50%. DUI cases placed on the court calendar for first and second offenses have decreased by 20%.

An independent program and data evaluation is underway.

Program Cost-Effectiveness:

  • Analyst serves as support staff
  • Each monitoring track staff member manages a high number of cases.

Sources of Funding:

  • The program is financed by Federal grant funds from The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and funds from California’s Office of Traffic Safety.

Factors to Consider When Replicating the Program:

  • Be sure to obtain sufficient funding for staff members and for participants’ treatment
  • Prepare to access court time
  • Create a collaborative team

Formal Evaluation of the Program:

San Joaquin DUI Monitoring Court Process and Outcome Evaluation

For more information on this program, please contact:
The Honorable Richard A. Vlavianos